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AndroidStudio 配置 AspectJ 环境实现AOP的方法

转载  发布时间:2018年02月09日 09:17:19   作者:皮卡搜   我要评论

本篇文章主要介绍了AndroidStudio 配置 AspectJ 环境实现AOP的方法,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

昨天看了一段android配置aspectj实现AOP的直播视频,就试着自己配置了一下,可能是因为我自己的AndroidStudio环境的问题,碰到了不少的坑(其实还是因为对gradle理解的不多),但总归是配置好了,就分享一下。

试了两种方式,不过项目下的build.gradle,没什么变化,直接看一下代码吧:

build.gradle(项目下)

buildscript {
  ext {
    //android appcompat支持库版本
    androidSupportVersion = '26.1.0'
    //编译的 SDK 版本,如API20
    compileSdkVersion = 26
    //构建工具的版本,其中包括了打包工具aapt、dx等,如API20对应的build-tool的版本就是20.0.0
    buildToolsVersion = "26.0.2"
    //兼容的最低 SDK 版本
    minSdkVersion = 15
    //向前兼容,保存新旧两种逻辑,并通过 if-else 方法来判断执行哪种逻辑
    targetSdkVersion = 26
    //kotlin版本号
    kotlin_version = '1.2.10'

    kotlinVersion = "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-stdlib-jre7:$kotlin_version"
    appcompatV7 = "com.android.support:appcompat-v7:$androidSupportVersion"
    appcompatDesign = "com.android.support:design:$androidSupportVersion"
    constraintLayout = 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.2'
  }
  repositories {
    google()
    jcenter()
    mavenCentral()
  }
  dependencies {
    classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.0.1'
    classpath "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-gradle-plugin:$kotlin_version"
    classpath 'org.greenrobot:greendao-gradle-plugin:3.2.1'
    // NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
    // in the individual module build.gradle files
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjtools:1.8.13'
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjweaver:1.8.13'
  }

}

allprojects {
  repositories {
    google()
    jcenter()
    mavenCentral()
  }
}

task clean(type: Delete) {
  delete rootProject.buildDir
}

看着一大堆,主要就是下面这几行配置,其他的是我自己项目中用到的,根据自己需要配置就行。

buildscript {
  repositories {
    mavenCentral()
  }
  dependencies {
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjtools:1.8.13'
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjweaver:1.8.13'
  }
}

repositories {
  mavenCentral()
}

其实这几行配置在app的build.gradle里也是可以的,但是因为项目下的build.gradle里已经有buildscript {}、allprojects {repositories{} },就配置在这里了。

然后有两种配置方式:

第一种

只有一个主Module app的情况下,配置app的build.gradle:

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

apply plugin: 'kotlin-android'

apply plugin: 'kotlin-android-extensions'

apply plugin: 'org.greenrobot.greendao'

android {
  compileSdkVersion rootProject.ext.compileSdkVersion
  buildToolsVersion rootProject.ext.buildToolsVersion
  defaultConfig {
    applicationId "填入自己的applicationId"
    minSdkVersion rootProject.ext.minSdkVersion
    targetSdkVersion rootProject.ext.targetSdkVersion
    versionCode 1
    versionName "1.0"
    //Lambda配置
//    jackOptions.enabled = true
//    android.compileOptions.sourceCompatibility 1.8
    buildConfigField "boolean", "LOG", "true"// 显示Log
    testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    //支持矢量图
    vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true
    ndk {
      //选择要添加的对应cpu类型的.so库。
      abiFilters 'armeabi', 'armeabi-v7a', 'arm64-v8a', 'x86', 'x86_64', 'mips', 'mips64'
    }
  }

  buildTypes {
    release {
      minifyEnabled false
      buildConfigField "boolean", "LOG", "false"// 显示Log
      proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
    }


  }

  //Lambda配置
  compileOptions {
    sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
    targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
  }

  dataBinding {
    enabled true
  }

  greendao {
    schemaVersion 1//数据库版本号
    daoPackage 'com.test.qby.newtestapplication.greendao'//设置DaoMaster、DaoSession、Dao包名
    targetGenDir 'src/main/java'//设置DaoMaster、DaoSession、Dao目录
    //targetGenDirTest:设置生成单元测试目录
    //generateTests:设置自动生成单元测试用例
  }

  lintOptions {
    abortOnError true
  }

}


dependencies {
  implementation fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
  implementation rootProject.ext.kotlinVersion
  implementation rootProject.ext.appcompatV7
  implementation rootProject.ext.constraintLayout
  compile rootProject.ext.appcompatDesign
  testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
  androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.1'
  androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1'
  compile 'jp.wasabeef:glide-transformations:3.0.1'
  // If you want to use the GPU Filters
  compile 'jp.co.cyberagent.android.gpuimage:gpuimage-library:1.4.1'
  //腾讯bugly
  compile 'com.tencent.bugly:crashreport:latest.release'
  compile 'com.tencent.bugly:nativecrashreport:latest.release'
  //retrofit
  compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.3.0'
  compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.3.0'
  compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava2:2.3.0'
  compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:logging-interceptor:3.9.0'
  //rxJava
  compile 'io.reactivex.rxjava2:rxandroid:2.0.1'
  // Because RxAndroid releases are few and far between, it is recommended you also
  // explicitly depend on RxJava's latest version for bug fixes and new features.
  compile 'io.reactivex.rxjava2:rxjava:2.1.8'
  //greenDao
  compile 'org.greenrobot:greendao:3.2.0'
  //换肤功能
  compile 'com.zhy:changeskin:4.0.2'
  //AOP面向切面编程,加入这行就不用在libs下引入jar包了,不然要写成compile file(libs/aspectjrt.jar)
  compile 'org.aspectj:aspectjrt:1.8.13'
}
/*
//在项目下配置了,此处就不需要了
buildscript {
  repositories {
    mavenCentral()
  }
  dependencies {
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjtools:1.8.13'
    classpath 'org.aspectj:aspectjweaver:1.8.13'
  }
}

repositories {
  mavenCentral()
}
*/

import org.aspectj.bridge.IMessage
import org.aspectj.bridge.MessageHandler
import org.aspectj.tools.ajc.Main

final def log = project.logger
final def variants = project.android.applicationVariants

variants.all { variant ->
  if (!variant.buildType.isDebuggable()) {
    log.debug("Skipping non-debuggable build type '${variant.buildType.name}'.")
    return
  }

  JavaCompile javaCompile = variant.javaCompile
  javaCompile.doLast {
    String[] args = ["-showWeaveInfo",
             "-1.5",
             "-inpath", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-aspectpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-d", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-classpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-bootclasspath", project.android.bootClasspath.join(File.pathSeparator)]
    log.debug "ajc args: " + Arrays.toString(args)

    MessageHandler handler = new MessageHandler(true)
    new Main().run(args, handler)
    for (IMessage message : handler.getMessages(null, true)) {
      switch (message.getKind()) {
        case IMessage.ABORT:
        case IMessage.ERROR:
        case IMessage.FAIL:
          log.error message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.WARNING:
          log.warn message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.INFO:
          log.info message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.DEBUG:
          log.debug message.message, message.thrown
          break
      }
    }
  }
}

这一个gradle主要的东西就是这些:

//AOP面向切面编程,加入这行就不用在libs下引入jar包了,不然要写成compile file(libs/aspectjrt.jar)
compile 'org.aspectj:aspectjrt:1.8.13'

import org.aspectj.bridge.IMessage
import org.aspectj.bridge.MessageHandler
import org.aspectj.tools.ajc.Main

final def log = project.logger
final def variants = project.android.applicationVariants

variants.all { variant ->
  if (!variant.buildType.isDebuggable()) {
    log.debug("Skipping non-debuggable build type '${variant.buildType.name}'.")
    return
  }

  JavaCompile javaCompile = variant.javaCompile
  javaCompile.doLast {
    String[] args = ["-showWeaveInfo",
             "-1.5",
             "-inpath", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-aspectpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-d", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-classpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-bootclasspath", project.android.bootClasspath.join(File.pathSeparator)]
    log.debug "ajc args: " + Arrays.toString(args)

    MessageHandler handler = new MessageHandler(true)
    new Main().run(args, handler)
    for (IMessage message : handler.getMessages(null, true)) {
      switch (message.getKind()) {
        case IMessage.ABORT:
        case IMessage.ERROR:
        case IMessage.FAIL:
          log.error message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.WARNING:
          log.warn message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.INFO:
          log.info message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.DEBUG:
          log.debug message.message, message.thrown
          break
      }
    }
  }
}

下面那一堆是用命令在编译最后做一些关联的,具体的我也不懂,只管加上好了。

第二种

有多个module都需要用到aspectj,特别是组件开发的情况下,不可能每个module都配置一下,所以就需要新建一个aspectj的module作为项目的library。

app下build.gradle需要修改:

//AOP面向切面编程,加入这行就不用在libs下引入jar包了,不然要写成compile file(libs/aspectjrt.jar)
compile 'org.aspectj:aspectjrt:1.8.13'

去掉,改为

implementation project(':aspectjlib')

不过上面这句在你添加module依赖的时候会自动生成。

新建library的build.gradle配置如下:

apply plugin: 'com.android.library'

android {
  compileSdkVersion rootProject.ext.compileSdkVersion
  buildToolsVersion rootProject.ext.buildToolsVersion
  defaultConfig {
    minSdkVersion rootProject.ext.minSdkVersion
    targetSdkVersion rootProject.ext.targetSdkVersion
    versionCode 1
    versionName "1.0"

    testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"

  }

  buildTypes {
    release {
      minifyEnabled false
      proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
    }
  }

}

dependencies {
  implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])

  implementation rootProject.ext.appcompatV7
  testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
  androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.1'
  androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1'
  //AOP
  compile 'org.aspectj:aspectjrt:1.8.13'
}

import org.aspectj.bridge.IMessage
import org.aspectj.bridge.MessageHandler
import org.aspectj.tools.ajc.Main

android.libraryVariants.all { variant ->
  JavaCompile javaCompile = variant.javaCompile
  javaCompile.doLast {
    String[] args = ["-showWeaveInfo",
             "-1.5",
             "-inpath", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-aspectpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-d", javaCompile.destinationDir.toString(),
             "-classpath", javaCompile.classpath.asPath,
             "-bootclasspath", android.bootClasspath.join(
        File.pathSeparator)]

    MessageHandler handler = new MessageHandler(true)
    new Main().run(args, handler)

    def log = project.logger
    for (IMessage message : handler.getMessages(null, true)) {
      switch (message.getKind()) {
        case IMessage.ABORT:
        case IMessage.ERROR:
        case IMessage.FAIL:
          log.error message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.WARNING:
        case IMessage.INFO:
          log.info message.message, message.thrown
          break
        case IMessage.DEBUG:
          log.debug message.message, message.thrown
          break
      }
    }
  }
}

注意:下面那一堆跟app的gradle中的稍微有点区别,一个是module,一个是library,gradle中的东西不一样。

两种配置方式基本就是这样了,使用方法我也是刚了解一点,记录一下简单的计算性能的用法吧

自定义注解类:

package com.test.qby.aspectjlib.annotation;
import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

/**
 * Created by qby on 2018/1/26 0026.
 * 自定义注解
 */
@Target(ElementType.METHOD)
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface IFirstAnnotation {
  String value();
}

@Target 注解目标,表示注解使用在什么地方,这里是METHOD方法;@Retention 保留策略,表示注解调用时机,这里RUNTIME运行时

切面类

import android.widget.Toast;
import com.test.qby.aspectjlib.annotation.IFirstAnnotation;
import com.test.qby.newtestapplication.app.MyApplication;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.aspectj.lang.reflect.MethodSignature;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.TypeVariable;
import java.util.Locale;

/**
 * Created by qby on 2018/1/26 0026.
 * 自定义注解行为
 */
@Aspect
public class MethodBehaviorAspect {
  private static final String TAG = "aspect_aby";

  @Pointcut("execution(@com.test.qby.aspectjlib.annotation.IFirstAnnotation * *(..))")
  public void firstMethodAnnotationBehavior() {
  }

  @Pointcut("execution(* com.test.qby.newtestapplication.ui.MainActivity.aspectClick(android.view.View))")
  public void secondMethodAnnotationBehavior() {
  }

  @Around("firstMethodAnnotationBehavior()")
  public Object wavePointcutAround(ProceedingJoinPoint joinPoint) throws Throwable {

    MethodSignature methodSignature = (MethodSignature) joinPoint.getSignature();
    // 类名
    String className = methodSignature.getDeclaringType().getSimpleName();
    // 方法名
    String methodName = methodSignature.getName();
    // 功能名
    IFirstAnnotation behaviorTrace = methodSignature.getMethod()
        .getAnnotation(IFirstAnnotation.class);
    String value = behaviorTrace.value();
//    String value = "点击";
    long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
    Object result = joinPoint.proceed();
    long duration = System.currentTimeMillis() - start;
    Log.e(TAG, String.format("%s类中%s方法执行%s功能,耗时:%dms", className, methodName, value, duration));
    Toast.makeText(MyApplication.getContext(), String.format(Locale.CHINESE, "%s类中%s方法执行%s功能,耗时:%dms", className, methodName, value, duration), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    return result;
  }
}

@Aspect指定切面类;@Pointcut切入点;@Around是切入方式Advice的一种,表示在切入点前后插入代码,还有@Before、@After;Pointcut语法,execution,表示根据Advice在执行方法内部代码前后插入代码,call,表示根据Advice在调用方法前后插入代码......

页面调用

@IFirstAnnotation("测试Aspect")
public void aspectClick(View view) {
   try {
     Thread.sleep(new Random().nextInt(1000));
   } catch (InterruptedException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
 }

@IFirstAnnotation调用注解,()内部为在IFirstAnnotation中写的value的值,去掉value()后此处去掉()

注意:在MethodBehaviorAspect 类中如果有用到Context,可直接使用joinPoint.getTarget()类型转换成Context,这里是由于项目使用了databinding,部分getTarget()获取到的值不能强转为Context,所以这里用的MyApplication获取的Context

这只是个人的初步尝试,里面当然还有很多内容需要去学,刚看了CSDN上有人写的几篇关于AOP的内容,都挺详细的,给出其中一个地址,自己看吧:/article/110560.htm

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

  • Android
  • Studio
  • AOP
  • AspectJ

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